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Chhattisgarh declared poor state by NITI Ayog, tops the nation in case of malnourished people.

Chhattisgarh declared poor state by NITI Ayog, tops the nation in case of malnourished people.

Raipur:
The NITI Ayog report has placed Chhattisgarh in the seventh position of the
list of the poorest states of the country. The report said that 29.91 percent
of the total population is living Below the Poverty Line (BPL) in Chhattisgarh.
Chhattisgarh has topped the list as far as cases of malnourished people are
concerned. Bihar tops the list of poverty states followed by Jharkhand, Madhya
Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh.

NITI
Aayog vice-chairman Rajiv Kumar said that this baseline report of India’s first
national Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) measure is based on the reference
period of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) for 2015-16. In its first
MPI report, NITI Aayog said that Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Uttar
Pradesh were found to be the poorest states in the country. They are followed
by Madhya Pradesh and Meghalaya in the index.

The
report reads that Bihar has 51.91 per cent of the population, followed by
Jharkhand stands second with 42.16 per cent, Uttar Pradesh stands third at
37.79 per cent, Madhya Pradesh stands fourth at 36.65 per cent and Meghalaya
stands fifth at 32.67 per cent. Among the Union Territories, Dadra and Nagar
Haveli (27.36 per cent), Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh (12.58), Daman and Diu
(6.82 per cent) and Chandigarh (5.97 per cent) have emerged as the poorest in
the country.

Pondicherry,
which has 1.72 per cent of its population poor, Lakshadweep (1.82 per cent),
Andaman and Nicobar Islands (4.30 per cent) and Delhi (4.79 per cent) fared
better.

Kerala
is among the lowest poverty-recording states across the country, with only 0.71
per cent of its population falling into that category, followed by Goa (3.76
per cent), Sikkim (3.82 per cent), Tamil Nadu (4.89 per cent) and Punjab (5.59
per cent). Bihar has the highest number of malnourished people, followed by
Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh. Bihar is also at the
bottom of various other categories including percentage of population deprived
of maternal health, percentage of population deprived of schooling, school
attendance, and percentage of population deprived of cooking fuel and
electricity.

The
report further reads that the development of India’s National Multidimensional
Poverty Index is an important contribution towards establishing a public policy
tool that monitors multidimensional poverty, informs evidence-based and focused
interventions, enabling it to make sure that no one is left behind. The national MPI
measure has been constructed using 12 key components that cover areas such as
health and nutrition, education and standard of living. The report states that
the National MPI, a holistic measure that defines poverty in simple terms, as a
reduction in critical and basic standards of health, education, and living
standards, is based on the way poverty has been historically understood and
conceptualized.

In
early 2020, the Cabinet Secretariat had identified 29 global indices for
monitoring, analysis, and evaluation with the aim of improving India’s position
in the global rankings. Under this mandate, also known as the Global Index for
Reform and Development (GIRG) mandate, NITI Aayog was identified as the nodal
agency for the MPI.

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